About Tanzania - General
Tanzania is located south of the equator and on the coast of the Indian Ocean and is the largest country in Eastern Africa with a land area of 881,289 sq. km in the mainland and 2,460 sq. km in Zanzibar and a population of 44.9 million of which 1,303,569 are in Zanzibar (2012 population census). It shares its borders with Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia and the Indian Ocean with a coastline of 1,424 km in length. It is three hours ahead of GMT.
Topography of Tanzania
Tanzania is characterized by a narrow coastal belt with tropical beaches, an elevated plateau covered by savanna and bush, a Rift Valley, Mountains and a Crater. It has three major sea ports and various fresh water lakes.
Language of people of Tanzania
The official language is Kiswahili but English for international correspondence. In addition, there are more than 120 tribal languages spoken in the country. However, one can rarely feel lost regardless of where one is in this vast country because Kiswahili is also the national language.
Tanzania brags of a tropical weather throughout the year and is semi-temperate as you move further inland. The hottest month is January with temperatures that go as high as 320C in Dar es Salaam and the coldest is July with temperatures as low as -40C in some areas of the Southern highlands. September is the driest month and April the wettest. The best times to travel to Tanzania for holiday or leisure should be between June and October when temperatures are warm and mild particularly if visiting Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar and other coastal towns. Be prepared for lots of rain if you visit in April and May as this is when Tanzania usually has the long rains.
The main religions are Christianity and Islam. However, you can also find Hindus and other traditional religions.
Culture of Tanzania
Tanzania has a range of fascinating cultures of which the most famous is the proud Maasai, a pastoral population. There are more than 120 tribes in Tanzania which differ in their culture, customs and language. When you visit Tanzania you can learn about different medicinal plants, tribal rituals and traditional farming methods.
Towns And Cities of Tanzania
Tanzania has a few key regions with specific characteristics. Just to highlight a few, we have Arusha city which is at the foothill of Mount Meru and a popular 'safari' (which means journey in Swahili) centre where tourists and leisure travelers converge before departing for other sites. Dar es Salaam is the commercial capital which boasts of a huge natural harbour and other interesting sites. Dodoma is the capital and administrative city where the Parliament holds its sessions. Tabora is a historical town that was once the meeting point for slave traders, and later became a significant mission station. And as you travel towards the southern areas of the country you will pass through the southern highlands comprising the big four producers of staple food; Morogoro, Iringa, Mbeya and Ruvuma.